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Type of Energy Efficient Vehicles

Higher the efficiency of a vehicle lesser the fuel require to drive from one location to the destinations. Lesser the fuel consumption means lesser emissions will be from the tailpipe.

Conventionally, road transport vehicles are majority running on petrol for passenger cars. Whereas commercial trucks are running on diesel, for its characteristic of high torque output and higher burning efficiency of diesel.

Carbon Footprint
Gases like Carbon dioxide (CO2) and Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) from burning petrol(gasoline) and diesel contribute significantly to global climate change.

Choosing the right Energy Efficient Vehicle not only saves you money but also helps to control the climate change by reducing your Carbon Footprint.

Hybrid Vehicles

Advanced features Commonly found in hybrid vehicles include:

  • Automatic stop and start
    This is to prevent wastage of energy during idling running during times such as Traffic light waiting. The engine automatic stop when the vehicle slows down below a specific speed with brake pedal pressed. The engine starts when the brake is depressed
  • Electric Motor Assist
    The electric motor provides additional power to assist the engine, during the conditions when extra power is required. Such as accelerating or climbing inclining hill. Thus, higher efficient smaller Inner Combusion Engine can be used.
  • Regenerative Braking system
    When the brake is pressed, the electric motor acts as engine-brake to the drivetrain causing the wheels to slow down, as well as generator converting the energy from the wheels to charge and store in a series of battery bank. Which is then used to drive the electric motor when extra power is needed. 

Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles

Plug-in Hybrid is actuallly a Hybrid vehicle with the follwing features:
1. High-capacity batteries that can be charged by plugging them into a household electrical outlet or charging station esle where.
2. It can be driven by using electric motor only.

EV - Electric Vehicle

Pure electric vehicle runs only on electricity stored in the batteries. As no Internal Combustion Engine is involved, it has no tailpipe emissions. Thus it is also known as Zero Emissions Vehicle.
But, the challenging re-charging time and driving range prevent it from being widely accepted as Green Vehicle at the moment. 

Diesel Vehicle

Modern Diesel engines are more powerful and fuel-efficient than similar-sized petrol(gasoline) engines. Which attributable to the technology advancements in fuel injection and electronic engine control.

Diesel engines are now even more powerful, better acceleration and higher efficiency than the conventional diesel engines.

However, today's diesel must meet the same stringent emission standards as gasoline(petrol) vehicles in most of the developed countries. This is possible partly due to the availability of ultra-low sulfur(max 15 ppm) diesel fuel - ULSD.